“We will see the sunlit meadows past,” stated Boris Johnson on the eve of the 2016 referendum. Three years in the past, his authorities “obtained Brexit executed”.

The UK formally left the European Union at 11pm GMT on 31 January 2020 (though the Withdrawal Settlement didn’t take impact till the tip of that 12 months).

The primary Brexit secretary, David Davis, vowed: “There will probably be no draw back to Brexit, solely a substantial upside.”

The expertise of British travellers to the EU since then has modified dramatically. How far are travellers alongside the street to these sunlit meadows? These are the important thing areas.

Passports and size of keep

What they stated

“British folks will nonetheless be capable of go and work within the EU; to stay; to journey; to check; to purchase properties and to cool down” – Boris Johnson, Sunday Telegraph, 26 June 2016.

What occurred?

British folks can not go and work, examine, stay or cool down within the EU until they purchase the suitable visas. They will journey and purchase properties, however with out particular permission they cannot stay more than 90 days in any 180 days anywhere within the European Union and wider Schengen Space.

From November 2023 (in response to the most recent plan, which can slip), British travellers to Europe might want to register upfront for the Etias electronic visa system and be fingerprinted and have a facial biometric taken on entry and exit from the Schengen Space.


What they stated

“European cooperation will proceed in fields the place it already exists akin to air journey” – Vote Leave, earlier than the referendum.

What occurred?

UK pilot licences have been “significantly degraded in worth and utility” following Brexit, in response to the British Airline Pilots’ Affiliation (Balpa).

The pilots’ union says: “Following the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union, pilots with UK pilot licences are now not capable of fly EU registered plane – together with these primarily based at UK airports – and not using a prolonged and costly licence conversion. That is an lively barrier to UK pilots being supplied jobs.”

Britain’s largest finances airline, easyJet, arrange a European operation primarily based in Vienna, whereas Ryanair has arrange a UK subsidiary to supply home flights. However Aer Lingus has been ordered to end its services between London Heathrow and Belfast City.

Air Passenger Duty will be halved for flights within the UK from 1 April 2021 – a transfer that might not have been potential inside the UK, and which is able to encourage passengers to shift from rail to air journey.

Rail journey

What they stated

“The EU and European Court docket are placing up the price of travelling on the West Coast essential line” – Vote Leave, 21 June 2016.

What occurred?

A single London-Manchester off-peak ticket on the West Coast essential line price £41.20 in 2016 (Virgin Trains). By 2022 it was £68.60 (Avanti West Coast), a rise of two-thirds. Costs between 2016 and 2022 within the UK elevated by 20 per cent, that means the rail fare rose by 39 per cent in actual phrases.

The rail unions had been enthusiastic campaigners for Brexit. Mick Whelan, normal secretary of the practice drivers’ union Aslef, stated in October 2018: “We consider the EU has change into a wealthy man’s membership which presents lots for the boss class – however little or no for the unusual hard-working women and men making an attempt to earn a dwelling.”

Since Brexit, Eurostar has lower a dozen trains per day from its schedules between London, Brussels and Paris and is capping the number of passengers on peak departures at 550 (39 per cent under capability).

Providers to Disneyland Paris are ending in June due to Brexit, and the 2 worldwide stations in Kent – Ebbsfleet and Ashford – will stay closed till no less than 2025.

Medical care overseas

What they stated

“Whether or not on vacation, working or retiring overseas, British folks need to know they will entry the identical top quality healthcare that they take pleasure in within the NHS. This invoice will permit us to implement new healthcare preparations with different nations – within the EU and elsewhere – in order that UK residents can journey with confidence” – Lord James O’Shaughnessy, junior health minister, 2018.

What occurred?

The UK Global Health Insurance Card (Ghic) is legitimate within the European Union and Switzerland. However in contrast to the European Well being Insurance coverage Card (Ehic), it isn’t legitimate in a number of non-EU Schengen Space nations: Norway, Iceland, and plucky Liechtenstein.

Inbound tourism

What they stated

“To our mates throughout Europe, let me say this … You’ll nonetheless be welcome on this nation” – Theresa May, 17 January 2017.

What occurred?

The UK has barred an estimated 300 million potential European guests by insisting each EU vacationer has a passport versus the nationwide id card that almost all of them carry.

Joss Croft, chief government of UK inbound, stated the transfer “has had a catastrophic affect on the worldwide pupil journey trade”.

He told The Independent: “EU college teams are opting to journey to various English-speaking locations akin to Eire, the place they will nonetheless use their ID playing cards for entry, as an alternative of the UK, at a price of thousands and thousands of kilos to regional economies throughout the UK who would usually host these college students.”

Journey inside the UK

What they stated

“No British authorities might or ought to” comply with placing a border within the Irish Sea between Nice Britain and Northern Eire – Boris Johnson, speaking to the DUP in 2019.

What occurred?

The British authorities, underneath Boris Johnson, put a border within the Irish Sea between Nice Britain and Northern Eire. Arriving in Northern Eire from the remainder of the UK is handled as arriving within the European Union, with strict guidelines on the importation of pets, meat and dairy merchandise – no ham or cheese sandwiches are allowed to be introduced in.

Worth of the pound

What they stated

“There may be nothing to recommend a significant devaluation would observe a go away vote” – Vote Leave, 21 June 2016.

What occurred?

Three days later, the worth of the pound fell by round 10 per cent after the vote to depart the European Union. In opposition to the euro, sterling is now round 15 per cent decrease than it was earlier than the referendum.

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